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Atypical Antipsychotics, or SGAs

AKA: Second-Generation, Atypical Antipsychotics, or simply SGAs.


These medications tend to be superior to that of Typical Antipsychotics because they treat BOTH positive and negative symptoms of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.

Q: What the heck are positive vs. negative symptoms of Schizophrenia?

A: Simply put, positive symptoms are psychotic behaviors like:

Delusions and paranoia

Disordered thoughts and speech

Tactile, auditory, visual, olfactory and/or gustatory hallucinations

While negative symptoms are disruptions to normal behaviors and emotions and can sometimes be confused with clinical depression, with symptoms like:

Flat, or dull affect (showing no emotion, monotone voice)

Lack of pleasure in everyday life

Lack of ability to begin and sustain planned activities

Speaking little, even when forced to interact

Since both negative and positive symptoms exist within Schizophrenia, these newer, Atypical Antipsychotics are the treatment of choice, here is a list:

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Asenapine Maleate (Saphris)

Clozapine (Clozaril)

Iloperidone (Fanapt)

Lurasidone (Latuda)

Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Olanzapine/Fluoxetine (Symbyax)

Paliperidone (Invega)

Quetiapine (Seroquel)

Risperidone (Risperdal)

Ziprasidone (Geodon)

 Common Side Effects:

Dry mouth

Blurred vision

Constipation

Dizziness or lightheadedness

Weight gain

Sometimes atypical antipsychotics can cause:

Problems sleeping

Extreme tiredness and weakness.

With long-term use, atypical antipsychotics can also carry a risk of:

Tardive dyskinesia

 

Though atypical antipsychotics are usually given for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, they have become increasingly popular as an adjunct (or in addition) to an SSRI, or antidepressant. In fact the FDA recently approved Abilify for people who do not respond to antidepressants alone. You’ve all seen the commercials where the Antidepressant and Abilify become friends…?



Tags: Abilify, adjunct, antipsychotic, Aripiprazole, Asenapine, Atypical Antipsychotics, Clozapine, Clozaril, delusions, Fanapt, Geodon, hallucinations, Iloperidone, Invega, Latuda, Lurasidone, Maleate, negative symptoms, newer antipsychotics, non-conventional antipsychotics, Olanzapine, Olanzapine/Fluoxetine, Paliperidone, positive symptoms, Quetiapine, Risperdal, Risperidone, Saphris, schizo, schizophrenia, Second-Generation Antipsychotics, Seroquel, SGAs, Symbyax, Ziprasidone, Zyprexa

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